The EU hast already invested more than 100 mio Euro in EESSI. On the agenda of the committee EMPL of 15 June Mr. Joost Korte, director general DG EMPL, gave state of play of the System.
Implementing the EESSI for the PDA1-form (to go abroad) and prior notification is the key solution for other topics like plural activities and unemployment fees. And it is linked to posted workers issues. There are two important directives: first pillar is the control in the home country, the second pillar is the control in the host country. Both need to come together.
Electronic Solution is necessary
We need this electronic solution because now it takes a long time to get this document because some institutions wait to deliver after being very sure that the worker is insured. A prior notification can be a mail with the request for the A1. When everything is in the system the prior notification goes digitally, automatically to the host country. From that point the host country knows who is coming and can control.
The EESSI has started in 2008. It's purpose is to connect 15.000 institutes and 150 cases in the EU + Switzerland. 31 countries are connected, Romania not. 2022 full ready in Swiss and Netherlands.
The system has three components. Central data-base in Luxemburg, access in each country and RINA (Reference Implementation of National Actions). One something changes in a country, they have to update RINA. It is a very complicated software system. Therefore they want to give RINA to the countries to follow up. Yearly cost of the system is 23 mio euro of which 11 mio euro for RINA.
They are also working towards a “European social security number” to replace the Health insurance EU card.
Final conclusion: there is still a long way to go because the power lies in the hands of the different countries.